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JADE - NEPHRITE - (BC)

JADE - NEPHRITE - (BC)

Jade: is an ornamental stone. The term "Jade" specifically applies to two different

rocks, Nephrite and Jadeite, that are made up of different silicate minerals. Both types

of Jade are tough, since they consist of dense, close-grained, matted aggregates, but

they differ from one another in their chemical composition and colors. Nephrite ranges

mainly from mid to dark green or grey-green, but it can also be white, yellowish or

reddish. Rarer, and somewhat tougher, Jadeite displays hues which include green, but

also white or pink, and reds, blacks, browns and violets. In both minerals, the way the

color is distributed varies a great deal. Only in the very finest Jade is the color evenly

distributed. Both Nephrite and Jadeite often have veins, blemishes and streaks running

through them, though these may not always be regarded as flaws. On the contrary,

some of these patterns are considered particularly valuable.

It is important to note the term "Jade" is being used more commonly on the jewelry

markettoday to refer to any number of stones that closely resemble Jade, but are not a

true Jadeite or Nephrite. Serpentine, Chalcedony, Grossular Garnet, Jasper and

Quartz are often nicknamed, mislabeled and/or misrepresented as Jade. Below is the

*short* list of the many varieties of stones referred to as "Jade", along with a more

accurate description of their corresponding meanings.

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